Constitution Day: Learn Constitution History of India and Interesting Things
5 Things Eelated to the Constitution of India:
- The Constitution of India was completed on November 26, 1949. The Indian Constitution was prepared in two years, 11 months and 18 days. There are 448 articles and 12 schedules in the Indian Constitution and it is divided into 25 parts.
- 284 members of the Constituent Assembly had signed the document on 24 January 1950 and it was implemented two days later on January 26, 1950.
- No typing or printing was used to draft the constitution.
- On August 29, 1947, a draft constitution committee was set up and the appointment of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar as its president was made. Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad etc. were the main members of this gathering.
- The estimated expenditure on the Constituent Assembly was Rs 1 crore.
- The constitution of the constitution started with the formation of the Constituent Assembly in 1946
- The Constitution was adopted on November 26, 1949 and applied on January 26, 1950.
- It was written with love by Bihari Narayan Raijada and Nandlal Bose did the work of decorating with paintings.
26 November 1949 and 26 January 1950 These are two important dates of the history of the Constitution of India. Our Constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949 and it was implemented on January 26, 1950. The date on which the constitution was adopted i.e. 26th November, is celebrated on that day as the Constitution Day and on January 26, Republic Day will be celebrated. Come on the occasion of Constitution Day, we know how our Constitution was prepared, that is, its history and what are some interesting things related to it …
Constitution of India is the exact copy of the Constitution of the Ireland. People are engaged in the glory of these people.
In 1946, the British government started thinking seriously about giving independence to India. It started with the introduction of a Cabinet Mission by the British Government in India. The cabinet mission was to meet the British government and representatives from different states of India. Together they had to discuss the possibility of constitution of a Constituent Assembly to draft the structure of the Indian Constitution.
Constituent Assembly Constituted:
In the year 1946, the Constituent Assembly was formed under the Cabinet Mission Plan. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was named the permanent chairman and Dr. BR Ambedkar as the chairman of the draft committee. 13 committees have been set up to prepare draft reports.
Initially there were 389 members in the Constituent Assembly. 292 representatives of Provinces, 93 representatives of States, 3 of Chief Commissioners Provinces, 1 representative from Baluchistan were included. Later, the Muslim League separated itself from it, after which the number of members of the Constituent Assembly was 299.
First draft and discussion on it:
In January 1948, the first draft of the Constitution of India was presented for discussion. Discussions started on November 4, 1948 and lasted for 32 days. During this period 7,635 amendments were proposed, out of which 2,473 was discussed in detail. The meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held for 2 years, 11 months and 18 days during which the Constitution was finalized.
The constitution was signed and accepted:
On January 24, 1950, 284 members of the Constituent Assembly signed the Constitution of India. 15 female members were also included in the signature.
This Constitution was adopted on November 26, 1949, and was implemented on January 26, 1950.
Prem Behari Narain Raizada:
Prem Behari Narain Raizada wrote the original copy of the Constitution in Hindi and English. The profession of Raizada’s family was calligraphy. He has written every page of the Constitution in beautiful writing and italic. He used the number 303 of 254 oNibb pen holder to write the constitution. They took six months to write the constitution. They were allocated a room in the Constitution House by the Government of India. When he was asked fees for this work, he refused to take anything. He just put a condition that he will write his name on every page of the Constitution and on the last page, he will also write name of his grandfather with his name.
The work of decorating work with every page of the Constitution was entrusted to Acharya Nandalal Bose. Nandalal Bose’s & Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was met in Shantiniketan, where Pandit Nehru had proposed this proposal to him. Under his guidance, his disciples worked to design the Constitution. Nandalal Bose painted himself big pictures by himself. Ramnmohar Sinha has been asked to decorate the most important page of the Constitution with his art. He was a disciple of Nandalal Bose.
The original copy of the Constitution has been kept in a case of helium in the Library of Indian Parliament.
Constitution of India is the longest and most elaborate constitution in the world. It has 25 sections, 448 articles and 12 schedules. The original constitution contained 395 articles and 9 schedules. The greatest beauty of Indian Constitution is that while preparing it, the attention of cultural, religious and geographical diversity is taken care of.
The Constitution of India is also called the lending bag. It has taken many important things from other constitutions. The principles of freedom, equality and fraternity have been taken from the Constitution of France. Idea of 5 year plan was taken from USSR. Theory of socio-economic rights was taken from Ireland. Most importantly, the law on which the Supreme Court works, was taken from Japan. There are many other things that have been taken from other countries’ constitution.